Colin Powell Dies at 84 From Covid-19 Complications

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https://www.nytimes.com/2021/10/18/us/politics/colin-powell-dead.html

A erstwhile president of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, caput of authorities and nationalist information adviser, Mr. Powell died connected Monday, his household said.

Colin L. Powell successful  2004.
Credit...Doug Mills/The New York Times

Eric Schmitt

Oct. 18, 2021Updated 8:38 a.m. ET

Colin L. Powell, who successful 4 decades of nationalist beingness served arsenic the nation’s apical soldier, diplomat and nationalist information adviser, and whose code astatine the United Nations successful 2003 helped pave the mode for the United States to spell to warfare successful Iraq, died connected Monday. He was 84.

He died of complications from Covid-19, his household said successful a statement. He was afloat vaccinated and was treated astatine Walter Reed National Military Medical Center, his household said.

Mr. Powell was a way breaker serving arsenic the country’s archetypal African American nationalist information adviser, president of the Joint Chiefs of Staff and caput of state.

Born successful Harlem of Jamaican parents, Mr. Powell grew up successful the South Bronx and graduated from City College of New York, joining the Army done R.O.T.C. From a young 2nd lieutenant commissioned successful the dawn of a recently desegregated Army, Mr. Powell served 2 decorated combat tours successful Vietnam. He aboriginal was nationalist information advisor to President Ronald Reagan astatine the extremity of the Cold War, helping negociate arms treaties and an epoch of practice with the Soviet president, Mikhail Gorbachev.

As president of the Joint Chiefs, helium was the designer of the penetration of Panama successful 1989 and of the Persian Gulf warfare successful 1991 that ousted Saddam Hussein from Kuwait but near him successful powerfulness successful Iraq. Along with then-Defense Secretary Dick Cheney, Mr. Powell reshaped the American Cold War subject that stood acceptable astatine the Iron Curtain for fractional a century. In doing so, helium stamped the Powell Doctrine connected subject operations — equipped with wide governmental objectives and nationalist support, usage decisive and overwhelming unit to decision force forces.

When briefing reporters astatine the Pentagon astatine the opening of the gulf war, Mr. Powell succinctly summed up the military’s strategy to decision Saddam Hussein’s army: “Our strategy successful going aft this service is precise simple,” helium said. “First, we’re going to chopped it off, and past we’re going to termination it.”

It was a conception that seemed little suited to the messy conflicts successful the Balkans that came aboriginal successful the 1990s and successful combating coercion successful a satellite transformed aft the attacks connected Sept. 11, 2001.

By the clip helium retired from the subject successful 1993, Mr. Powell was 1 of the astir fashionable nationalist figures successful America.

In an interrogation with The New York Times successful 2007, Mr. Powell analyzed himself: “Powell is simply a problem-solver. He was taught arsenic a worker to lick problems. So helium has views, but he’s not an ideologue. He has passionateness but he’s not a fanatic. He’s archetypal and foremost a problem-solver.”

Once retired, Mr. Powell, a lifelong autarkic portion successful uniform, was courted arsenic a statesmanlike contender by some Republicans and Democrats, and became America’s astir governmental wide since Dwight D. Eisenhower. He wrote a best-selling memoir, “My American Journey,” and flirted with a tally for the presidency earlier deciding successful 1995 that campaigning for bureau wasn’t for him.

He returned to nationalist work successful 2001 arsenic caput of authorities to President George W. Bush, whose begetter Mr. Powell had served arsenic president of the Joint Chiefs a decennary earlier.

But successful the Bush administration, Mr. Powell was the unusual antheral out, warring internally with Vice President Dick Cheney and Defense Secretary Donald H. Rumsfeld for the receptor of President Bush and overseas argumentation dominance.

He near astatine the extremity of Mr. Bush’s archetypal word nether the unreality of an ever-worsening warfare successful Iraq, and increasing questions astir whether helium could person and should person done much to entity to it.

A afloat obituary volition follow.

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